Agriculture is the most dominant branch of economy of the County. Arable lands cover over 40% of the County area. Barley, rye and wheat is cultivated in the croplands. Cattle farming, pig farming and glasshouse cultivation of vegetables and flowers has also developed in the region. In the recent years, large percentage of poor soils was converted into construction plots – for the purposes of housing and economic activity.
Structure of land use:
|5%||developed urbanized lands|
|2%||lands under water|
|1%||idle lands and other|
In the Opole County most of the soils are classified as sandy loam soils. Mostly sandy soils, clayey and organic soils. Nowadays, in river Valleys we can find fen soils – and in places located beneath – black soil (chernozem).
Agricultural lands in the Opole County:
72 745 ha, including:
|2%||lands under ponds and trenches|
|Grade I||arable lands the best||none|
|Grade II||arable lands very good||0,4%|
|Grade III||arable lands medium good||12,8%|
|Grade IV||arable lands medium||34,4%|
|Grade V||arable lands poor||32,5%|
|Grade VI||arable lands the poorest||19,9 %|